Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), also known as central serous retinopathy (CSR), is a retinal condition that causes fluid to accumulate under the macula (central retina). This abnormal fluid accumulation is characterized by blurred or distorted vision, usually in one eye. Other symptoms include reduced night vision, reduced contrast sensitivity and impaired color vision. This condition is most common in men between the ages of 25 and 50 years old, although women can also be affected.
The cause of this condition is unknown, but possible triggers may include steroid medication, pregnancy, antibiotics, asthma, high blood pressure, type A personality and sleep apnea. Most commonly it occurs in people with stressful, demanding jobs or those with poor sleep habits. Most cases of CSC go away on their own within a few months, but patients should be monitored closely to ensure that the condition improves and no complications develop. If needed, thermal laser treatment or Visudyne® Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) may be used to speed the healing process.