The uvea is the intermediate vascular coat of the eye which comprises the iris, ciliary body and choroid. Uveitis refers to an inflammation of the uveal tract of the eye. Uveitis can be subdivided into:
- Anterior uveitis – inflammation in the front of the eye
- Intermediate uveitis – inflammation of the vitreous cavity and peripheral retina
- Posterior uveitis – inflammation of the back of the eye. This can be retinitis, choroiditis or vasculitis.
There can be many symptoms of uveitis:
- Blurry vision
- Redness of the eye
- Eye pain
- Sensitivity to light
It can be caused by autoimmune disorders, or infection, but often the cause is unknown.
The doctor will perform a full ophthalmic evaluation in order to determine what type of uveitis is present. Various testing modalities can be used in order to assist in the diagnosis.
Most cases can be treated with steroids in the form of eye drops, pills or injections to reduce the eye inflammation. But other treatments are also available. Your doctor will decide the best treatment for you.